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第四章  巴洛克和洛可可时期的玻璃器(2)
     发布时间:2015-03-24

88

波须圣母,玻璃反画

东波希米亚,库恩斯塔特(德语:克朗斯塔特),丹尼尔和伊格纳茨·普莱斯勒工坊制作,约1700年

黑色和不透明色料绘制,玻璃背面贴金,鎏金木框;画芯24.5×18.5 cm(连框27.5×21.5 cm)

编号18 187

1932年由斯图加特的古斯塔夫E.帕兹奥瑞克捐赠

这件玻璃反画是复制品,其原件是一件17世纪圣母玛利亚像,神圣罗马帝国皇帝利奥波德一世的皇后埃利诺·玛格达莱妮称之为蔷薇圣母,原件至今仍摆放在维也纳圣史蒂芬大教堂中殿西南角的圣坛上。在此之前,波须圣母像曾为上匈牙利(现在的乌克兰)一座罗马天主教堂所有。传说1696年2月4日至12月8日画像上的圣母真的流泪了,随后就发生了两件奇事并且有人身体康复。1697年,利奥波德一世让人把这幅玻璃画搬到维也纳,希望圣母守护维也纳,守护帝国,并帮助打败土耳其。

Reverse painting with Our Lady of P?tsch

Eastern Bohemia, Kun?tát (Kronstadt), Workshop of Daniel and Ignaz Preissler, c. 1700

Painted in black and opaque colours, and gold leaf on the reverse side (gilt-wood frame); 24.5 x 18.5 cm (with frame 27.5 x 21.5 cm)

Inv. no. 18?187

Donated in 1932 by Gustav E. Pazaurek, Stuttgart

This reverse painting is a reproduction of one of the famous paintings of the Virgin Mary dated to the late 17th century. Termed Rosa mystica by Empress Eleonore Magdalene, the wife of Emperor Leopold I, the picture is still found on an altar in the southwest corner of the nave of St. Stephen’s Cathedral in Vienna. Originally housed in a Roman Catholic church in P?tsch in Upper Hungary (now Ukraine), according to legend, between February 4 and December 8, 1696, the Madonna in the picture shed real tears. Two miraculous incidencts and healings are said to have followed. In 1697, Emperor Leopold had the painting transferred to Vienna to ensure the patronage and protection of the city and the Empire and to assist him in the struggle against the Turkish enemy.

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89

雕着狩猎场景的高脚酒杯

北波希米亚,由一家位于哈拉赫领地的工坊装饰;约1730-1740

双层无色透明玻璃,刻花,金箔雕花;高14.5 cm

编号 8 868

1904年购自E.根金格。

Goblet with a hunting scene

Northern Bohemia, decorated in a workshop on the Harrach estate, c. 1730–1740

Colourless glass, double-walled, cut, engraved in gold leaf; H. 14.5 cm

Inv. no. 8?868

Purchased in 1904 from E. Genzinger

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90

饰有雅各布·哈珀格家人形象的酒杯

北波希米亚,由一家位于哈拉赫领地的工坊装饰;约1730-1740

双层无色透明玻璃,刻花,金箔雕花;高8.8 cm

铭文:Jacobus Hapergl. VIVAT. Ville Jare, ROSALIA, WABEDEL, THERESIE

编号 13 197

1913年购自布拉格的阿洛伊斯·波多切克

虽然我们至今都不知道雅各布·哈珀格为何人,他却与这件酒杯上的中产阶级家庭场景有关。根据铭文,我们知道这件酒杯的主题纹样是庆祝哈珀格的一位家庭成员的重要时刻,很可能是其妻罗莎莉的生日。画面的背景是花园建筑。

Beaker with a portrait of Jakub Hapergl’s family

Northern Bohemia, decorated in a workshop on the Harrach estate, c. 1730–1740

Colourless glass, double-walled, cut, engraved in gold leaf; H. 8.8 cm

Inscription: Jacobus Hapergl. VIVAT. Ville Jare, ROSALIA, WABEDEL, THERESIE.

Inv. no. 13?197

Purchased in 1913 from Alois Pot??ek, Prague

Although Jakub Hapergl remains unidentified, he may be credited with introducing the viewer to this middle-class family scene. According to the inscription, this is a celebration of an important occasion in the life of a family member, probably the birthday of the wife Rosalie, which is set against garden architecture.

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91

大酒杯

北波希米亚,由一家位于哈拉赫领地的工坊装饰;约1730-1740

双层无色透明玻璃,刻花,金箔手绘;高8.6 cm

编号 94 299

1971年由莱昂·邦迪基金转让而购得

Beaker

Northern Bohemia, decorated in a workshop on the Harrach estate, around 1730–1740

Colourless glass, double-walled, cut, painted in gold leaf; H. 8.6 cm

Inv. no. 94?299

Acquired in 1971 by transfer from the Leon Bondy Fund

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92

杯和杯托

德国,图林根州,约1740年

乳白玻璃,珐琅彩绘;杯高4 cm,杯托直径12 cm

编号 17 145ab

1932年由斯图加特的古斯塔夫E.帕兹奥瑞克捐赠

Cup and saucer

Germany, Thuringia, c. 1740

Milk glass, painted in enamels; cup H. 4 cm, saucer diameter 12 cm

Inv. no. 17?145ab

Donated in 1932 by Gustav E. Pazurek, Stuttgart

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93

杯和杯托

德国,图林根州,约1740年

乳白玻璃,珐琅彩绘;杯高4 cm,杯托直径10.5 cm

编号 17 148ab

1932年由斯图加特的古斯塔夫E.帕兹奥瑞克捐赠

Cup and saucer

Germany, Thuringia, c. 1740

Milch glass, painted in enamels; cup H. 4 cm, saucer diameter 10.5 cm

Inv. no. 17?148ab

Donated in 1932 by Gustav E. Pazaurek, Stuttgart

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94

狮子坑中的但以理,玻璃反画

中欧,18世纪下半叶

玻璃反面染色并用不透明色料绘制(木框);画芯31.5×24.7 cm(连框39×32 cm)

编号 66 101

1961年由布拉格装饰艺术博物馆收购委员会购得

2009年伊娃·瑞德洛娃修复

Reverse painting with the Biblical scene of Daniel in the Lions’ Den

Central Europe, 2nd half of 18th century

Painting with stains and opaque colours on the reverse side (wooden frame); 31.5 x 24.7 cm (with frame 39 x 32 cm)

Inv. no. 66?101

Purchased in 1961 by the Purchasing Committee of the Museum of Decorative Arts in Prague

Restored in 2009 by Eva Rydlová

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