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第五章  19世纪上半叶的玻璃器(3)
     发布时间:2015-03-24

131

中国风香薰

南波希米亚,耶奇科沃乌多利(德语:格奥尔根塔尔),约1830年

黑色亚立斯玻璃,刻花,描金;高27 cm

编号 94 355ab

1971年由莱昂·邦迪基金转让而购得

Potpourri with chinoiserie motifs

Southern Bohemia, Ji?íkovo údolí (Georgenthal), c. 1830

Black hyalith glass, cut, painted in gold; H. 27 cm

Inv. no. 94?355 ab

Acquired in 1971 by transfer from the Leon Bondy Fund

HB

132

两件镇纸形状的有塞小瓶

南波希米亚,耶奇科沃乌多利(德语:格奥尔根塔尔)或者诺伊维尔特,约1830年

黑色和红色亚立斯玻璃,刻花;一高6 cm,9×9 cm,另一高5.8 cm,6.9×6.9

编号 96?744ab, 14?257

1990年通过所有权转让获得,1916年布拉格的亨利·沃尔兹捐赠

19世纪上半叶,镇纸形状的有塞小瓶非常流行,许多玻璃工厂都会生产,它们呈各种颜色,雕刻或画着各种纹样。

Two paperweight flacons

Southern Bohemia, Ji?íkovo údolí (Georgenthal) or Novy Svět (Neuwelt), c. 1830

Black and red hyalith glass, cut; H. 6 cm, 9 x 9 cm, H. 5.8 cm, 6.9 x 6.9 cm

Inv. nos. 96?744ab, 14?257

Acquired in 1990 by ownership transfer, donated in 1916 by Jind?ich Waldes, Prague

In the first half of the 19th century, flacons in the shape of paperweights were very popular. Numerous glassworks produced them in many different colours and a variety of cut or painted designs.

HB

133

中国风甜点盘

南波希米亚,耶奇科沃乌多利(德语:格奥尔根塔尔),约1828

红色亚立斯玻璃,刻花,描金;直径19.9 cm

编号56 953

1962年购自布拉格的一家古董店

Dessert plate with chinoiserie pattern

Southern Bohemia, Ji?íkovo údolí (Georgenthal), c. 1828

Red hyalith glass, cut, painted in gold; diameter 19.9 cm

Inv. no. 56 953

Purchased in 1962 from an antique shop, Prague

HB

134

葫芦形花瓶

南波希米亚,耶奇科沃乌多利(德语:格奥尔根塔尔),1820年

红色亚立斯玻璃;直径32 cm

编号 91?377

1982年购自布拉格的一家古董店

A gourd-shaped vase

Southern Bohemia, Ji?íkovo údolí (Georgenthal), 1820

Red hyalith glass; H. 32 cm

Inv. no. 91?377

Purchased in 1982 from an antique shop, Prague

HB

135

葫芦形花瓶

威尼斯,洛伦佐·拉迪制作,约1850年

玛瑙玻璃,热成形,银累丝瓶嘴和瓶盖;高25 cm

编号 68?547

1965年布拉格的W. 马库斯捐赠

A gourd-shaped vase

Venice, Lorenzo Radi, c. 1850

Agate glass, hot-shaped, silver filigree mounting; H. 25 cm

Inv. no. 68?547

Donated in 1965 by W. Markus, Prague

HB

136

有塞子的瓶

北波希米亚,海达,弗里德里克·艾格曼工坊制作,约1840年

宝石玻璃,刻花,鎏金;高13.5 cm

编号 70?899 ab

1964年通过所有权转让获得

宝石玻璃是一种模仿半宝石的玻璃,1828年由玻璃工艺师弗里德里克·艾格曼研发。生产宝石玻璃需要热成形和彩绘两种工艺。宝石玻璃主要用于制作小物件,如酒杯、碟子和有塞小瓶,它们的口沿和边缘往往鎏金,表面的花朵、昆虫和中国风纹样也往往描金。

Flacon

Northern Bohemia, Haida, Friedrich Egermann’s workshop, c. 1840

Lithyalin glass, cut, gilded; H. 13.5 cm

Inv. no. 70?899 ab

Acquired in 1964 by ownership transfer

Lithyalin (from Greek lithos, “stone”) is a type of glass resembling semiprecious stones, developed by the glass technologist Friedrich Egermann in 1828. Its manufacture combined hot-forming techniques and painted glass decoration. Lithyalin glass was mainly used to make small objects, such as beakers, trays and flacons, with rims and edges decorated with gilding and their surfaces painted with flowers, insects, chinoiserie motifs, also in gold.

JSch

137

大酒杯

波希米亚,约1835年

宝石玻璃(绿玻璃),刻花,描金;高11 cm

编号 18 118

1932年由斯图加特的古斯塔夫E.帕兹奥瑞克捐赠

19世纪30年代,弗里德里克·艾格曼开始研发其它品种的宝石玻璃,以诺伊维尔特生产的透明绿玻璃为原料。1835年奥地利维也纳的第一届国际工业博览会上,艾格曼展示了一系列的宝石玻璃器。

Beaker

Bohemia, c. 1835

Lithyalin glass (green glass), cut, painted in gold; H. 11 cm

Inv. no. 18?118

Donated in 1932 by Gustav E. Pazaurek, Stuttgart

In the 1830s, Friedrich Egermann launched the manufacture of other types of lithyalins which were made of transparent green glass and supplied from the glassworks in Novy Svět (Neuwelt). Egermann exhibited a collection of lithyalin glass items at the first international industrial exhibition held in Vienna, Austria, in 1835.

HB

138

有塞子的瓶,表面呈石头状突起

南波希米亚,耶奇科沃乌多利(德语:格奥尔根塔尔),约1828-1829

装饰由弗里德里克·艾格曼在布洛顿多夫完成

鎏金宝石玻璃(红色亚立斯玻璃,刻花并染色);高11.5 cm

编号 18?111a

1932年由斯图加特的古斯塔夫E.帕兹奥瑞克捐赠

Box with stone-like glass reliefs

Southern Bohemia, Ji?íkovo údolí (Georgenthal), c. 1829–1830

Decorated by Friedrich Egermann, Blottendorf

Gilded lithyalin (cut and stained red hyalith); H. 11.5 cm

Inv. no. 18?111 a

Donated in 1932 by Gustav E. Pazaurek, Stuttgart

HB

139

有塞细颈瓶

南波希米亚,耶奇科沃乌多利(德语:格奥尔根塔尔),约1835-1840

玛瑙玻璃(紫色和蛋白色双色绞胎),刻花,描金;高23.1 cm

编号 75?113

1971年购自布拉格的一家首饰店

这件细长的玻璃瓶引入法国后专门用于储存古龙水和浓香水。法国作为一个创造时尚的国度,在新兴的香水产业中也举足轻重。

Flacon with stopper

Southern Bohemia, Ji?íkovo údolí (Georgenthal), c. 1835–1840

Agatine (violet glass marbled with opal), cut, painted in gold; H. 23.1 cm

Inv. no. 75?113

Purchased in 1971 from a Klenoty shop, Prague

The shape of the tall, slim flacons used to store the much favoured Eau de Cologne and heavy perfumes was first introduced in France, a country that not only set the fashion but also held a prominent position in the emerging perfume industry.

HB

140

小执壶

南波希米亚,耶奇科沃乌多利(德语:格奥尔根塔尔),约1835-1840

玫瑰红玛瑙玻璃(红宝石玻璃和蛋白色玻璃绞胎),刻花,描金;高9.3 cm

编号 18?167

1932年由斯图加特的古斯塔夫E.帕兹奥瑞克捐赠

Small pitcher

Southern Bohemia, Ji?íkovo údolí (Georgenthal), c. 1835–1840

Agatine rosée (ruby glass marbled with opal), cut, painted in gold; H. 9.3 cm

Inv. no. 18?167

Donated in 1932 by Gustav E. Pazaurek, Stuttgart

HB

141

椭圆形双耳碗

南波希米亚,耶奇科沃乌多利(德语:格奥尔根塔尔),约1835-1840

玛瑙玻璃(无色玻璃和蛋白色玻璃绞胎),刻花,描金;长22.6 cm,高9.4 cm

编号 83 332

1963年通过所有权转让获得

玛瑙玻璃属于有色不透明玻璃,通过在有色玻璃中添加骨粉使之不透明从而仿制天然石头的质感。

Oval bowl in the shape of a small bucket

Southern Bohemia, Ji?íkovo údolí (Georgenthal), c. 1835–1840

Agatine (colourless glass marbled with opal), cut, painted in gold; L. 22.6 cm, H. 9.4 cm

Inv. no. 83?332

Acquierd in 1963 by ownership transfer

Agatines are types of coloured opaque glass made translucent with bone meal in various pastel shades that imitate natural stones.

HB

142

大酒杯

北波希米亚,诺伊韦尔特,1830年后

红宝石玻璃(合成金红玻璃),刻花;高13 cm

编号 49 287

1959年购自布拉格的一家古董店

Beaker

Northern Bohemia, Novy Svět (Neuwelt), after 1830

Ruby glass (composite gold ruby), cut; H. 13 cm

Inv. no. 49?287

Purchased in 1959 from and antique shop, Prague

JSch

143

大酒杯

北波希米亚,诺伊韦尔特,约1830年

红宝石玻璃(合成金红玻璃),刻花;高10.7 cm

编号 39 438

1955年从布拉格的玛丽·耶什科娃处购得

Beaker

Northern Bohemia, Novy Svět (Neuwelt), c. 1830

Ruby glass (composite gold ruby), cut; H. 10.7 cm

Inv. no. 39?438

Purchased in 1955 from Marie Je?ková, Prague

JSch

144

有盖糖缸

北波希米亚,诺伊韦尔特,1830年后

红宝石玻璃(合成金红玻璃),刻花;高13.5 cm

编号 25 416

1940年从布拉格的V·霍热什处购得

Covered sugar bowl

Northern Bohemia, Novy Svět (Neuwelt), after 1830

Ruby glass (composite gold ruby), cut; H. 13.5 cm

Inv. no. 25?416

Purchased in 1940 from V. Ho?ej?, Prague

JSch

145

大酒杯

北波希米亚,诺伊韦尔特,1830年后

无色透明玻璃,表面钴蓝料套色,刻花;高12.8 cm

编号 14 647

1918年从布拉格的丽莎·许科娃处购得

“哥特式刻花”纹样大都肖似哥特式窗玻璃,是诺伊维尔特生产的玻璃器上常见的刻花题材。表面套色玻璃,也就是在透明玻璃器皿外面满套其它颜色,是比德迈时期颇受欢迎的工艺,具有视觉冲击力。

Beaker

Northern Bohemia, Novy Svět (Neuwelt), after 1830

Colourless glass, overlaid with cobalt, cut; H. 12.8 cm

Inv. no. 14?647

Purchased in 1918 from Líza Schucková, Prague

The “Gothic cut pattern”, mostly in the form of Gothic windows (referred to as “gotische fenstern” in the glassworks’ archival records), was a frequent type of cut design adorning glass objects produced by the Novy Svět glassworks. Outer-cased glass, with colour overlays on clear glass, was a visually compelling favourite during the Biedermeier period.

JSch

146

高脚盘

北波希米亚,约1840年

绿色铀玻璃,刻花;高20 cm,直径22 cm

编号31 719

1951年从克拉拉·?霍夫鲍罗娃处购得

Tray

Northern Bohemia, c. 1840

Green uranium glass, cut; H. 20 cm, diameter 22 cm

Inv. no. 31?719

Purchased in 1951 from Klara Hofbauerová

JSch

147

有足大酒杯

北波希米亚,诺伊韦尔特,约1845年

黄色铀玻璃,刻花和雕花;高15 cm

编号 75 303

1972年购自布拉格的一家首饰店

Footed beaker

Northern Bohemia, Novy Svět (Neuwelt), c. 1845

Yellow uranium glass, cut, engraved; H. 15 cm

Inv. no. 75?303

Purchased in 1972 from a Klenoty shop, Prague

JSch

148

两件执壶

北波希米亚,诺伊韦尔特,1835–1840

无色透明玻璃,刻花;高32.5 cm

编号 90?998, 90?999

1983年从B. 绍尔佐娃处购得

Two jugs

Northern Bohemia, Novy Svět (Neuwelt), 1835–1840

Colourless glass, cut; H. 32.5 cm

Inv. nos. 90?998, 90?999

Purchased in 1983 from B. ?olcová

JSch

149

大酒杯

北波希米亚,诺伊韦尔特,19世纪第二个25年

蛋白玻璃,刻花,描金,高10.5 cm

编号 79 228

1963年通过所有权转让获得

Beaker

Northern Bohemia, Novy Svět (Neuwelt), 2nd quarter of 19th century

White opal glass, cut, painted in gold; H. 10.5 cm

Inv. no. 79?228

Acquired in 1963 by ownership transfer

JSch

150

有塞滗酒器

波希米亚,1835-1840

无色透明玻璃,部分黄、蓝染色,透明色料彩绘;高31.5 cm

编号 70?814

1964年通过所有权转让获得(原为K. M.斯沃博达藏品)

Decanter with stopper

Bohemia, 1835–1840

Colourless glass, partially yellow and blue stained, painted in transparent colours; H. 31.5 cm

Inv. no. 70?814

Acquired in 1964 by ownership transfer (originally in the collection of K. M. Swoboda)

JSch

151

大酒杯

波希米亚,1835-1840

无色透明玻璃,刻花和雕花,部分染紫色,透明色料彩绘;高12 cm

铭文:Von Teplit

编号 68 535

1965年布拉格的W.马库斯捐赠

这种中国风酒杯在18世纪风靡一时,到了19世纪三、四十年代又重新出现,为洛可可复兴时期作品。

Beaker

Bohemia, 1835–1840

Colourless glass, cut, engraved, partially violet-stained, painted in transparent colours; H. 12 cm

Inscription: “Von Teplit“

Inv. no. 68?535

Donated in 1965 by W. Markus, Prague

Extremely popular in the 18th century, the Chinoiserie style re-emerged in the 1830s and 1840s, a period known as Rococo Revival.

HB

152

香蒲纹大酒杯

北波希米亚,诺伊韦尔特,1854-1855

无色透明磨砂玻璃,表面钴蓝料套色;高10.5 cm

编号 34 122

1953年从布拉格的玛尔塔·赫拉斯卡处购得

Beaker with bullrush motif

Northern Bohemia, Novy Svět (Neuwelt), 1854–1855

Colourless glass, overlaid with cobalt, etched; H. 10.5

Inv. no. 34?122

Purchased in 1953 from Marta Hráská, Prague

JSch

153

一套水具

波希米亚,约1850年

无色透明玻璃,表面套桃红色,刻花;水瓶高15.5 cm,水杯高9.5 cm

编号 70 849

1964年通过所有权转让获得

Water set

Bohemia, c. 1850

Colourless glass, overlaid with rosaline glass, cut; bottle H. 15.5 cm, beaker H. 9.5 cm

Inv. no. 70?849

Acquired in 1964 by ownership transfer

JSch

154

一套水具:滗水器和水杯

北波希米亚,诺伊维尔特,约1850年

无色透明玻璃,表层套珐琅,里层套桃红色玻璃,刻花,描金并画珐琅彩;滗水器高34 cm,水杯高13 cm

编号 70 811ab,79 211(原为K. M. 斯沃博达藏品)

Water set – decanter and beaker

Noth Bohemia, Novy Svět (Neuwelt), c. 1850

Colourless glass with enamel overlay, underlaid with rosaline glass, cut, painted in gold and bright enamels; decanter H. 34 cm, beaker H. 13 cm

Inv. nos. 70?811 ab, 79?211 (originally in the collection of K. M. Swoboda)

JSch